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                   Common Eye Illnesses

       +--------------------------------------------------+
       |                                                  |
       |  1. Refractive Errors                             |
       |     - Nearsightedness (myopia)                    |
       |     - Farsightedness (hyperopia)                  |
       |     - Astigmatism                                 |
       |     - Presbyopia                                  |
       |                                                  |
       +--------------------------------------------------+
       |                                                  |
       |  2. Cataracts                                     |
       |     - Clouding of the eye's natural lens          |
       |     - Often due to aging                          |
       |                                                  |
       +--------------------------------------------------+
       |                                                  |
       |  3. Glaucoma                                      |
       |     - Group of diseases causing optic nerve       |
       |       damage                                      |
       |     - Often due to increased eye pressure          |
       |                                                  |
       +--------------------------------------------------+
       |                                                  |
       |  4. Macular Degeneration                          |
       |     - Deterioration of the central retina (macula)|
       |     - Leading cause of vision loss in older adults|
       |                                                  |
       +--------------------------------------------------+
       |                                                  |
       |  5. Diabetic Retinopathy                          |
       |     - Damage to retina's blood vessels due to     |
       |       diabetes                                    |
       |     - Leading to vision problems and blindness    |
       |                                                  |
       +--------------------------------------------------+
       |                                                  |
       |  6. Dry Eye Syndrome                              |
       |     - Insufficient or poor quality tears          |
       |     - Causes discomfort, redness, and sensitivity|
       |       to light                                    |
       |                                                  |
       +--------------------------------------------------+
       |                                                  |
       |  7. Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)                     |
       |     - Inflammation or infection of the conjunctiva|
       |     - Causes redness, itching, tearing, and       |
       |       discharge                                   |
       |                                                  |
       +--------------------------------------------------+
       |                                                  |
       |  8. Retinal Detachment                            |
       |     - Emergency condition where retina pulls away |
       |       from surrounding tissue                     |
       |     - Causes floaters, flashes, and vision loss   |
       |                                                  |
       +--------------------------------------------------+
       |                                                  |
       |  9. Keratitis                                     |
       |     - Inflammation of the cornea                  |
       |     - Often due to infection                      |
       |     - Causes pain, redness, discharge, and blurred|
       |       vision                                      |
       |                                                  |
       +--------------------------------------------------+
       |                                                  |
       | 10. Strabismus                                    |
       |     - Misalignment of the eyes                   |
       |     - Causes double vision and eye strain         |
       |                                                  |
       +--------------------------------------------------+
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