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# Ethan Walton
# 16 March 2022

reference = input('Enter the reference:\n')

# Extract the authors from the input string
authors = reference[0:reference.find(' (')].lower()

authorsReform = ''

# Count the number of authors in the list based on the amount of commas
numAuthors = authors.count(',') + 1

i = 1

refReform = ''

# Capitalize Author Names
while i <= numAuthors:
    # If it is the last author take the rest of the string
    if i == numAuthors:
        currAuthor = authors[0:]
    else:
        # Otherwise, take the beginning of the string up until the next author
        currAuthor = authors[0:authors.find(',')]
    
    # Remove the extracted author from the list of authors
    authors = authors.replace(currAuthor+', ','')
    
    # Replace the first letter of the author name with a capital
    currAuthor = currAuthor.replace(currAuthor[0], currAuthor[0].upper())
    
    # If the auther's full name is present, capitalize the first letter of both names
    if currAuthor.find(' ') > 0:
        # Take the first name, then add the first letter of the second name as a capital and then add the rest of the name
        currAuthor = currAuthor[0:currAuthor.find(' ')+1] + currAuthor[currAuthor.find(' ')+1:currAuthor.find(' ')+2].upper() + currAuthor[currAuthor.find(' ')+2:] 
    if i == 1:
        # If it is the first author, add the authors formatted name to the reformatted string without a comma
        refReform = refReform + currAuthor
    else:
        #
        refReform = refReform + ', ' + currAuthor
    
    i += 1
    
# Find and add the year of the reference to the output
refReform = refReform + reference[reference.find(' ('):reference.find(')')+2]

title = reference

# Extract everything after the year from the reference
title = reference[reference.find(')'):]

# Store everything after the title 
afterTitle = title[title.find(','):]

# Store the title
title = title[:title.find(',')]

# Make the title lowercase to remove all possible capitals
title = title.lower()

# Capitalize the first letter of the title that comes after the year and then add the rest of the now lowercase title
title = title[title.find(')')+2:title.find(')')+3].upper() + title[title.find(')')+3:]

# Add the formatted title and rest of the reference to the output
refReform = refReform + title + afterTitle

# Output formatted reference
print('Reformatted reference:\n', refReform, sep='')