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#ifndef ENTT_ENTITY_RUNTIME_VIEW_HPP
#define ENTT_ENTITY_RUNTIME_VIEW_HPP

#include <algorithm>
#include <cstddef>
#include <iterator>
#include <utility>
#include <vector>
#include "entity.hpp"
#include "fwd.hpp"

namespace entt {

/**
 * @cond TURN_OFF_DOXYGEN
 * Internal details not to be documented.
 */

namespace internal {

template<typename Set>
class runtime_view_iterator final {
    using iterator_type = typename Set::iterator;

    [[nodiscard]] bool valid() const {
        return (!tombstone_check || *it != tombstone)
               && std::all_of(++pools->begin(), pools->end(), [entt = *it](const auto *curr) { return curr->contains(entt); })
               && std::none_of(filter->cbegin(), filter->cend(), [entt = *it](const auto *curr) { return curr && curr->contains(entt); });
    }

public:
    using difference_type = typename iterator_type::difference_type;
    using value_type = typename iterator_type::value_type;
    using pointer = typename iterator_type::pointer;
    using reference = typename iterator_type::reference;
    using iterator_category = std::bidirectional_iterator_tag;

    constexpr runtime_view_iterator() noexcept
        : pools{},
          filter{},
          it{},
          tombstone_check{} {}

    runtime_view_iterator(const std::vector<Set *> &cpools, const std::vector<Set *> &ignore, iterator_type curr) noexcept
        : pools{&cpools},
          filter{&ignore},
          it{curr},
          tombstone_check{pools->size() == 1u && (*pools)[0u]->policy() == deletion_policy::in_place} {
        if(it != (*pools)[0]->end() && !valid()) {
            ++(*this);
        }
    }

    runtime_view_iterator &operator++() {
        while(++it != (*pools)[0]->end() && !valid()) {}
        return *this;
    }

    runtime_view_iterator operator++(int) {
        runtime_view_iterator orig = *this;
        return ++(*this), orig;
    }

    runtime_view_iterator &operator--() {
        while(--it != (*pools)[0]->begin() && !valid()) {}
        return *this;
    }

    runtime_view_iterator operator--(int) {
        runtime_view_iterator orig = *this;
        return operator--(), orig;
    }

    [[nodiscard]] pointer operator->() const noexcept {
        return it.operator->();
    }

    [[nodiscard]] reference operator*() const noexcept {
        return *operator->();
    }

    [[nodiscard]] constexpr bool operator==(const runtime_view_iterator &other) const noexcept {
        return it == other.it;
    }

    [[nodiscard]] constexpr bool operator!=(const runtime_view_iterator &other) const noexcept {
        return !(*this == other);
    }

private:
    const std::vector<Set *> *pools;
    const std::vector<Set *> *filter;
    iterator_type it;
    bool tombstone_check;
};

} // namespace internal

/**
 * Internal details not to be documented.
 * @endcond
 */

/**
 * @brief Generic runtime view.
 *
 * Runtime views iterate over those entities that are at least in the given
 * storage. During initialization, a runtime view looks at the number of
 * entities available for each component and uses the smallest set in order to
 * get a performance boost when iterating.
 *
 * @b Important
 *
 * Iterators aren't invalidated if:
 *
 * * New elements are added to the storage.
 * * The entity currently pointed is modified (for example, components are added
 *   or removed from it).
 * * The entity currently pointed is destroyed.
 *
 * In all other cases, modifying the storage iterated by the view in any way
 * invalidates all the iterators.
 *
 * @tparam Type Common base type.
 * @tparam Allocator Type of allocator used to manage memory and elements.
 */
template<typename Type, typename Allocator>
class basic_runtime_view {
    using alloc_traits = std::allocator_traits<Allocator>;
    static_assert(std::is_same_v<typename alloc_traits::value_type, Type *>, "Invalid value type");
    using container_type = std::vector<Type *, Allocator>;

public:
    /*! @brief Allocator type. */
    using allocator_type = Allocator;
    /*! @brief Underlying entity identifier. */
    using entity_type = typename Type::entity_type;
    /*! @brief Unsigned integer type. */
    using size_type = std::size_t;
    /*! @brief Common type among all storage types. */
    using common_type = Type;
    /*! @brief Bidirectional iterator type. */
    using iterator = internal::runtime_view_iterator<common_type>;

    /*! @brief Default constructor to use to create empty, invalid views. */
    basic_runtime_view() noexcept
        : basic_runtime_view{allocator_type{}} {}

    /**
     * @brief Constructs an empty, invalid view with a given allocator.
     * @param allocator The allocator to use.
     */
    explicit basic_runtime_view(const allocator_type &allocator)
        : pools{allocator},
          filter{allocator} {}

    /*! @brief Default copy constructor. */
    basic_runtime_view(const basic_runtime_view &) = default;

    /**
     * @brief Allocator-extended copy constructor.
     * @param other The instance to copy from.
     * @param allocator The allocator to use.
     */
    basic_runtime_view(const basic_runtime_view &other, const allocator_type &allocator)
        : pools{other.pools, allocator},
          filter{other.filter, allocator} {}

    /*! @brief Default move constructor. */
    basic_runtime_view(basic_runtime_view &&) noexcept(std::is_nothrow_move_constructible_v<container_type>) = default;

    /**
     * @brief Allocator-extended move constructor.
     * @param other The instance to move from.
     * @param allocator The allocator to use.
     */
    basic_runtime_view(basic_runtime_view &&other, const allocator_type &allocator)
        : pools{std::move(other.pools), allocator},
          filter{std::move(other.filter), allocator} {}

    /**
     * @brief Default copy assignment operator.
     * @return This container.
     */
    basic_runtime_view &operator=(const basic_runtime_view &) = default;

    /**
     * @brief Default move assignment operator.
     * @return This container.
     */
    basic_runtime_view &operator=(basic_runtime_view &&) noexcept(std::is_nothrow_move_assignable_v<container_type>) = default;

    /**
     * @brief Exchanges the contents with those of a given view.
     * @param other View to exchange the content with.
     */
    void swap(basic_runtime_view &other) {
        using std::swap;
        swap(pools, other.pools);
        swap(filter, other.filter);
    }

    /**
     * @brief Returns the associated allocator.
     * @return The associated allocator.
     */
    [[nodiscard]] constexpr allocator_type get_allocator() const noexcept {
        return pools.get_allocator();
    }

    /*! @brief Clears the view. */
    void clear() {
        pools.clear();
        filter.clear();
    }

    /**
     * @brief Appends an opaque storage object to a runtime view.
     * @param base An opaque reference to a storage object.
     * @return This runtime view.
     */
    basic_runtime_view &iterate(common_type &base) {
        if(pools.empty() || !(base.size() < pools[0u]->size())) {
            pools.push_back(&base);
        } else {
            pools.push_back(std::exchange(pools[0u], &base));
        }

        return *this;
    }

    /**
     * @brief Adds an opaque storage object as a filter of a runtime view.
     * @param base An opaque reference to a storage object.
     * @return This runtime view.
     */
    basic_runtime_view &exclude(common_type &base) {
        filter.push_back(&base);
        return *this;
    }

    /**
     * @brief Estimates the number of entities iterated by the view.
     * @return Estimated number of entities iterated by the view.
     */
    [[nodiscard]] size_type size_hint() const {
        return pools.empty() ? size_type{} : pools.front()->size();
    }

    /**
     * @brief Returns an iterator to the first entity that has the given
     * components.
     *
     * If the view is empty, the returned iterator will be equal to `end()`.
     *
     * @return An iterator to the first entity that has the given components.
     */
    [[nodiscard]] iterator begin() const {
        return pools.empty() ? iterator{} : iterator{pools, filter, pools[0]->begin()};
    }

    /**
     * @brief Returns an iterator that is past the last entity that has the
     * given components.
     * @return An iterator to the entity following the last entity that has the
     * given components.
     */
    [[nodiscard]] iterator end() const {
        return pools.empty() ? iterator{} : iterator{pools, filter, pools[0]->end()};
    }

    /**
     * @brief Checks if a view contains an entity.
     * @param entt A valid identifier.
     * @return True if the view contains the given entity, false otherwise.
     */
    [[nodiscard]] bool contains(const entity_type entt) const {
        return !pools.empty()
               && std::all_of(pools.cbegin(), pools.cend(), [entt](const auto *curr) { return curr->contains(entt); })
               && std::none_of(filter.cbegin(), filter.cend(), [entt](const auto *curr) { return curr && curr->contains(entt); });
    }

    /**
     * @brief Iterates entities and applies the given function object to them.
     *
     * The function object is invoked for each entity. It is provided only with
     * the entity itself.<br/>
     * The signature of the function should be equivalent to the following:
     *
     * @code{.cpp}
     * void(const entity_type);
     * @endcode
     *
     * @tparam Func Type of the function object to invoke.
     * @param func A valid function object.
     */
    template<typename Func>
    void each(Func func) const {
        for(const auto entity: *this) {
            func(entity);
        }
    }

private:
    container_type pools;
    container_type filter;
};

} // namespace entt

#endif