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---3
--1
SELECT date_id
FROM Observation
WHERE PRCP>0
ORDER BY date_id ASC LIMIT 1;

--2
SELECT s.name AS station
FROM Station AS s,Observation AS o
WHERE PRCP>0 AND s.id = o.station
ORDER BY date_id ASC LIMIT 1 ;

--3
SELECT c.name AS continent, COUNT(*) AS count
FROM Station AS s, Country AS p, Continent AS c
WHERE s.country = p.fips AND p.continent = c.cc
GROUP BY c.name;

--4
SELECT
   YEAR(date_id) AS year,
   AVG(TMAX) AS avg_max_temp
FROM Observation AS o, Station AS s
WHERE o.station = s.id AND s.country = 'PO'
GROUP BY YEAR(date_id)
ORDER BY YEAR(date_id) ASC;

--5
SELECT
   MONTH(date_id) AS month,
   AVG(PRCP) AS precipitation,
   MAX(TMAX) AS max_temp,
   MIN(TMIN) AS min_temp,
   MAX(TMAX) - MIN(TMIN) AS temp_amplitude
FROM Observation AS o, Station AS s
WHERE o.date_id >= 2013-01-01 AND o.station = s.id AND s.country = 'UK'
GROUP BY MONTH(date_id)
ORDER BY MONTH ASC;

--6 QUAL?
SELECT
   AVG(CASE WHEN YEAR(date_id) = 2021 THEN PRCP END)
     - AVG(CASE WHEN YEAR(date_id) = 2006 THEN PRCP END) AS diff_avg_precip,
   MAX(CASE WHEN YEAR(date_id) = 2021 THEN TMAX END)
     - MAX(CASE WHEN YEAR(date_id) = 2006 THEN TMAX END) AS diff_max_temp,
   MIN(CASE WHEN YEAR(date_id) = 2021 THEN TMIN END)
     - MIN(CASE WHEN YEAR(date_id) = 2006 THEN TMIN END) AS diff_min_temp
FROM Observation AS o, Station AS s
WHERE YEAR(date_id) IN (2006,2021) AND o.station = s.id AND s.country = 'UK';

SELECT
   AVG(CASE WHEN YEAR(date_id) = 2021 THEN PRCP END)
     - AVG(CASE WHEN YEAR(date_id) = 2006 THEN PRCP END) AS diff_avg_precip,
   AVG(CASE WHEN YEAR(date_id) = 2021 THEN TMAX END)
     - AVG(CASE WHEN YEAR(date_id) = 2006 THEN TMAX END) AS diff_max_temp,
   AVG(CASE WHEN YEAR(date_id) = 2021 THEN TMIN END)
     - AVG(CASE WHEN YEAR(date_id) = 2006 THEN TMIN END) AS diff_min_temp
FROM Observation AS o, Station AS s
WHERE YEAR(date_id) IN (2006,2021) AND o.station = s.id AND s.country = 'UK';

---4
--I dimtime
SELECT 
    date_id AS date,
    year(date_id) AS year,
    quarter(date_id) AS quarter,
    month(date_id) AS month,
    day(date_id) AS day,
    dayofweek(date_id) AS day_week,
    dayofyear(date_id) AS day_year,
    (CASE 
      WHEN (day(date_id)>=21 AND month(date_id)=12) OR (month(date_id)<3) OR (month(date_id)=3 AND day(date_id)<21) THEN "winter"
      WHEN (day(date_id)>=21 AND month(date_id)=3) OR (month(date_id)<6 AND month(date_id)>3) OR (month(date_id)=6 AND day(date_id)<21) THEN "spring"
      WHEN (day(date_id)>=21 AND month(date_id)=6) OR (month(date_id)>6 AND month(date_id)<9) OR (month(date_id)=9 AND day(date_id)<23) THEN "summer"
      ELSE "autumn"
    END) AS season
FROM observation
ORDER BY date_id ASC;

--II dimstation
SELECT 
    station.id AS id,
    station.name AS name,
    CASE WHEN country.fips = 'US' THEN state.alias ELSE 'XX' END AS state_alias,
    CASE WHEN country.fips = 'US' THEN state.name ELSE 'not applicable' END AS state_name,
    CASE WHEN country.fips = 'US' THEN state.population ELSE 0 END AS state_population,
    CASE WHEN country.fips = 'US' THEN state.total_area ELSE 0 END AS state_total_area,
    CASE WHEN country.fips = 'US' THEN state.land_area ELSE 0 END AS state_land_area,
    CASE WHEN country.fips = 'US' THEN state.water_area ELSE 0 END AS state_water_area,
    CASE WHEN country.fips = 'US' THEN state.nr_reps ELSE 0 END AS state_nr_reps,
    country.fips AS country_fips,
    country.name AS country_name,
    country.license_plate AS country_license_plate,
    country.domain AS country_domain,
    continent.cc AS continent_code,
    continent.name AS continent_name
FROM station
JOIN country ON station.country = country.fips
JOIN continent ON country.continent = continent.cc
JOIN state ON station.state = state.alias;

--III dimelement
SELECT 
    ROW_NUMBER() OVER (ORDER BY name) AS id,
    name,
    property,
    description,
    unit
FROM element;

--IV factobservation
SELECT 
    station.id AS station,
    ROW_NUMBER() OVER (ORDER BY element.name) AS element,
    observation.date_id AS time,
    (CASE 
      WHEN element.name = 'PRCP' THEN observation.PRCP
      WHEN element.name = 'TMAX' THEN observation.TMAX
      WHEN element.name = 'TMIN' THEN observation.TMIN
     END) AS value
FROM observation
JOIN element ON element = element
JOIN station ON observation.station = station.id; 
--??????? não sei como por os values e os elements sendo que na observation só tem tmin, tmax e prcp


---5
--1
SELECT t.year AS year, AVG(o.value) AS avg_prcp
FROM factobservation AS o
JOIN dimtime AS t ON o.time_id = t.date_id
JOIN dimelement AS e ON o.element_id = e.id AND e.name = 'PRCP'
JOIN dimstation AS s ON o.station_id = s.id AND s.country_name = 'Portugal'
GROUP BY year
ORDER BY year ASC;

--2
SELECT s.country_name AS country, t.year AS year, AVG(o.value) AS avg_max_temp
FROM factobservation AS o
JOIN dimstation AS s ON o.station_id = s.id
JOIN dimelement AS e ON o.element_id = e.id AND e.name = 'TMAX'
JOIN dimtime AS t ON o.time_id = t.date_id
GROUP BY country, year
ORDER BY avg_max_temp DESC LIMIT 1;

--3
SELECT t.day_week AS weekday, t.year AS year, AVG(o.value) AS avg_prcp
FROM factobservation AS o
JOIN dimtime AS t ON o.time_id = t.date_id
JOIN dimelement AS e ON o.element_id = e.id AND e.name = 'PRCP'
GROUP BY weekday, year
ORDER BY avg_prcp DESC LIMIT 1;

--4




--5 errado!
SELECT t.month AS month, s.country_name AS country, AVG(o_tmax.value - o_tmin.value) AS avg_range
FROM factobservation AS o
JOIN factobservation AS o_tmax ON o.time_id = o_tmax.time_id AND o.station_id = o_tmax.station_id
JOIN factobservation AS o_tmin ON o.time_id = o_tmin.time_id AND o.station_id = o_tmin.station_id
JOIN dimtime AS t ON o.time_id = t.date_id
JOIN dimelement AS e_tmax ON o_tmax.element_id = e_tmax.id AND e_tmax.name='TMAX'
JOIN dimelement AS e_tmin ON o_tmin.element_id = e_tmin.id AND e_tmin.name='TMIN'
JOIN dimstation AS s ON o.station_id = s.id
GROUP BY month, country, o.time_id, o.station_id
ORDER BY avg_range DESC LIMIT 10;
--o mes com mais de cada pais

--6 QUAL?
SELECT 
	AVG(CASE WHEN t.year = 2006 AND e.name = "PRCP" THEN o.value END)
    - AVG(CASE WHEN t.year = 2021 AND e.name = "PRCP" THEN o.value END) AS diff_PCRP,
    AVG(CASE WHEN t.year = 2006 AND e.name = "TMAX" THEN o.value end) 
    -	AVG(CASE WHEN t.year = 2021 AND e.name = "TMAX" THEN o.value END) AS diff_TMAX,
	AVG(CASE WHEN t.year = 2006 AND e.name = "TMIN" THEN o.value END) 
    - AVG(CASE WHEN t.year = 2021 AND e.name = "TMIN" THEN o.value END) AS diff_TMIN
		FROM factobservation AS o
		JOIN dimelement AS e ON o.element_id = e.id
		JOIN dimstation AS s ON o.station_id = s.id
		JOIN dimtime AS t ON o.time_id = t.date_id
    WHERE s.country_name = "United Kingdom";


SELECT 
	AVG(CASE WHEN t.year = 2006 AND e.name = "PRCP" THEN o.value END)
    - AVG(CASE WHEN t.year = 2021 AND e.name = "PRCP" THEN o.value END) AS diff_PCRP,
    MAX(CASE WHEN t.year = 2006 AND e.name = "TMAX" THEN o.value end) 
    -	MAX(CASE WHEN t.year = 2021 AND e.name = "TMAX" THEN o.value END) AS diff_TMAX,
	MIN(CASE WHEN t.year = 2006 AND e.name = "TMIN" THEN o.value END) 
    - MIN(CASE WHEN t.year = 2021 AND e.name = "TMIN" THEN o.value END) AS diff_TMIN
		FROM factobservation AS o
		JOIN dimelement AS e ON o.element_id = e.id
		JOIN dimstation AS s ON o.station_id = s.id
		JOIN dimtime AS t ON o.time_id = t.date_id
    WHERE s.country_name = "United Kingdom";